An ontology to represent energy-related occupant behavior in buildings. Part II: Implementation of the DNAS framework using an XML schema

TitleAn ontology to represent energy-related occupant behavior in buildings. Part II: Implementation of the DNAS framework using an XML schema
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsHong, T, D'Oca, S, Taylor-Lange, SC, Turner, WJN, Chen, Y, Corgnati, SP
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume94
Start Page196
Date Published08/2015
Keywordsbuilding energy consumption, building simulation, energy modeling, obXML, occupant behavior, XML schema
Abstract

Energy-related occupant behavior in buildings is difficult to define and quantify, yet critical to our understandingof total building energy consumption. Part I of this two-part paper introduced the DNAS(Drivers, Needs, Actions and Systems) framework, to standardize the description of energy-relatedoccupant behavior in buildings. Part II of this paper implements the DNAS framework into an XML(eXtensible Markup Language) schema, titled ‘occupant behavior XML’ (obXML). The obXML schema isused for the practical implementation of the DNAS framework into building simulation tools. The topologyof the DNAS framework implemented in the obXML schema has a main root element OccupantBehavior,linking three main elements representing Buildings, Occupants and Behaviors. Using theschema structure, the actions of turning on an air conditioner and closing blinds provide two examples ofhow the schema standardizes these actions using XML. The obXML schema has inherent flexibility torepresent numerous, diverse and complex types of occupant behaviors in buildings, and it can also beexpanded to encompass new types of behaviors. The implementation of the DNAS framework into theobXML schema will facilitate the development of occupant information modeling (OIM) by providinginteroperability between occupant behavior models and building energy modeling programs

DOI10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.08.006
LBNL Report Number

LBNL-1004501