Occupant behavior modeling for building performance simulation: Current state and future challenges

TitleOccupant behavior modeling for building performance simulation: Current state and future challenges
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsYan, Da, William O'Brien, Tianzhen Hong, Xiaohang Feng, Burak H. Gunay, Farhang Tahmasebi, and Ardeshir Mahdavi
Abstract

Occupant behavior is now widely recognized as a major contributing factor to uncertainty of building
performance. While a surge of research on the topic has occurred over the past four decades, and particularly
the past few years, there are many gaps in knowledge and limitations to current methodologies.
This paper outlines the state-of-the-art research, current obstacles and future needs and directions for the
following four-step iterative process: (1) occupant monitoring and data collection, (2) model development,
(3) model evaluation, and (4) model implementation into building simulation tools. Major themes
include the need for greater rigor in experimental methodologies; detailed, honest, and candid reporting
of methods and results; and development of an efficient means to implement occupant behavior models
and integrate them into building energy modeling programs.

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-1004504