Occupant behavior modeling for building performance simulation: Current state and future challenges

TitleOccupant behavior modeling for building performance simulation: Current state and future challenges
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsYan, D, O'Brien, W, Hong, T, Feng, X, H. Gunay, B, Tahmasebi, F, Mahdavi, A
Abstract

Occupant behavior is now widely recognized as a major contributing factor to uncertainty of buildingperformance. While a surge of research on the topic has occurred over the past four decades, and particularlythe past few years, there are many gaps in knowledge and limitations to current methodologies.This paper outlines the state-of-the-art research, current obstacles and future needs and directions for thefollowing four-step iterative process: (1) occupant monitoring and data collection, (2) model development,(3) model evaluation, and (4) model implementation into building simulation tools. Major themesinclude the need for greater rigor in experimental methodologies; detailed, honest, and candid reportingof methods and results; and development of an efficient means to implement occupant behavior modelsand integrate them into building energy modeling programs.

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-1004504